来源: 在职研究生招生信息网2019-12-25


Part B


Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraphs (41 -45). There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

[A]Give compliments, just not too many.

[B] Put on a good face, always.

[C] Tailor your interactions.

[D] Spend time with everyone.

[E] Reveal, don' t hide, information.

[F] Slow down and listen.

[G] Put yourselves in others' shoes.


Five Ways to Win Over Everyone in the Office

   Is it possible to like everyone in your office? Think about how tough it is to get together 15 people, much less 50, who all get along perfectly. But unlike in friendships, you need coworkers. You work with them every day and you depend on them just as they depend on you. Here are some ways that you can get the whole office on your side



   If you have a bone to pick with someone in your workplace, you may try stay tight-lipped around them. But you won't be helping either one of you. A Harvard Business School study found that observers consistently rated those who were frank about themselves more highly, while those who hid lost trustworthiness. The lesson is not that you should make your personal life an open book, but rather, when given the option to offer up details about yourself or painstakingly conceal them, you should just be honest.


   Just as important as being honest about yourself is being receptive to others. We often feel the need to tell others how we feel, whether it's a concern about a project, a stray thought, or a compliment. Those are all valid, but you need to take time to hear out your coworkers, too. In fact, rushing to get your own ideas out there can cause colleagues to feel you don't value their opinions. Do your best to engage coworkers in a genuine, back- and-forth conversation, rather than prioritizing your own thoughts.


   It's common to have a“cubicle mate" or special confidant in a work setting. But in addition to those trusted coworkers, you should expand your horizons and find out about all the people around you. Use your lunch and coffee breaks to meet up with colleagues you don't always see. Find out about their lives and interests beyond the job. It requires minimal effort and goes a long way. This will help to gTow your internal network, in addition to being a nice break in the work day.


 Positive feedback is important for anyone to hear. And you don't have to be someone's boss to tell them they did an exceptional job on a particular project. This will help engender good will in others. But don't overdo it or be fake about it. One study found that people responded best to comments that shifted from negative to positive, possibly because it suggested they had won somebody over.


   This one may be a bit more difficult to pull off, but it can go a long way to achieving results. Remember in dealing with any coworker what they appreciate from an interaction. Watch out for how they verbalize with others. Some people like small talk in a meeting before digging into important matters, while other are more straightforward. Jokes that work one person won't necessarily land with another, So, adapt your style accordingly to type. Consider the person that you re dealing with in advance and what will get you to your desired outcome.

41. 答案是E  Reveal, don’t hide, information


42. 答案是F  Slow down and listen

解析:根据段落中心句: In fact, rishing to get your own ideas out there can cause colleagues to feel you don’t value their opinions. 意思是实际上,急着表达你的观点可能会让同事们觉得你没有重视他们的观点。因此就是听取别人的观点。

43. 答案是D  Spend time with everyone



44. 答案是A  Give compliments, just not too many


45. 答案是C  Tailor your interactions

解析:根据段落中心句,最后一句:So, adapt your style accordingly to type. 意思是要相应地把你的风格适合于不同的类型。也就是因人而异的意思。

Section III   Translation

It's almost impossible to go through life without experiencing some kind of failure. People who do so probably live so cautiously that they go nowhere. Put simply, they’re not real living at all. But, the wonderful thing about failure is that it's entirely up to us to decide how to look at it.

We can choose to see failure as"the end of the world, "or as proof of just how inadequate we are. Or, we can look at failure as the incredible learning experience that it often is. Every time we fail at something, we can choose to look for the lesson we're meant to learn. These lessons are very important; they're how we grow, and how we keep from making that same mistake again. Failures stop us only if we let them. Failure can also teach us things about ourselves that we would never have learned otherwise.

For instance, failure can help you discover how strong a person you are. Failing at something can help you discover your truest friends, or help you find unexpected motivation to succeed.







考题文章来自于知名网站Mind Tools上一篇名为“Overcoming Fear of Failure:Facing Your Fear of Moving Forward”一文。文章略有删减,总词数151词,共3段,10句话。题目难度适中,题材常规,符合英语二翻译历年的考题规律。相似题材的文章曾经考过,如2010年“承受力”这篇文章。考题贴近生活,总体难度较低,考生可从容应对,个别语句较为抽象,略有难度,下面进行解析。


1.【原文】But, the wonderful thing about failure is that it's entirely up to us to decide how to look at it.

【分析】本句话易于简单,由主句加上that引导的表语从句构成,表语从句中嵌套这how引导的宾语从句。其中,the wonderful thing about failure 可以理解为“失败的妙处”,be up to sb.表示“取决于某人”;it's entirely up to us to decide how to look at it可以理解为“完全由我们来决定如何看待它”,把无灵主语it译成有灵主语“我们”,更符合汉语习惯。



2.【原文】Or, we can look at failure as the incredible learning experience that it often is.

【分析】本句话由主句和that引导的定语从句构成。其中,look at failure as the learning experience需要注意措辞,incredible是形容词,最常见的意思是“不能相信的”,但也有“难以置信的、极大的、极好的”之意;结合语境,翻译成“难以置信的”较为通顺,因此这半句话可理解为“把它看作令人难以置信的学习经历”,为避免上下文重复,可将failure译成代词“它”。



3.【原文】Failures stop us only if we let them.

【分析】本句由主句和only if引导的条件状语构成,only if基本的词义为“只要……就,只是在……的时候,只有”的意思,也有“除了”的含义。本句考点之一在于状语从句翻译时需要前置,其二在于选取only if符合语境的词义。



 46. Directions:

Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

Section IV    Writing

Part A

47. Directions:


Part B

48. Directions:

Write an essay based on the chart below. In your writing, you should

1) interpret the chart, and

2) give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)



本篇英语二大作文的结构要分三段来写:第一段描述图表,第二段分析原因,第三段给出结论、趋势预测及建议。第一段描述图表要观察全面,不可遗漏有用信息。其中用手机学习的占主要比例,占59.5%,可以用这个句型来写:…take(s) a lion’s share, accounting for 59.5%,其它用手机的目的是打发时间、浏览信息和其它,分别占到20.5%,17%和2%,这三者可以放在一起用一个句子来搞定,……occupy 20.5%, 17% and 2% respectively。









一段:As is apparently demonstrated in the chart above, we are informed some information concerning college students’ reading intentions with mobile phones in a certain university. To be more specific, with the help of cell phones, the proportions of college students’ spending on study take a lion’s share, accounting for up to 59.5%. Then those who would like to spend more time on goofing, browsing information and others occupy approximately 20%, 17% and 2% respectively.

二段: There are diverse components contributing to the above trend, but generally speaking, they may put down to the following two aspects. Initially, there is no doubt that recent years have witnessed the rapid development of economy, and people’s living standards have been improved remarkably, as a result of which, an increasing number of parents are likely to buy their children a smart phone, which may provide possibility for students to apply more advanced equipment into study, to the extent that their learning efficiency and reading horizons would be improved. Simultaneously, along with the development of technology and the advancement of the Internet, a growing quantity of college students’ reading habits have been changed because mobile phones would offer more convenience during their study, which should be taken into account.

三段: Based on the discussion above, a conclusion can be drawn safely that college students’ reading habits adhere to youngsters’ characteristics and comply with the trait of the new era. Given the data above, it is well predicted that this trend as reflected by the pie chart above will continue for a while in the near future. Nevertheless, there are also some potential risks if college students are too addicted to mobile phones; therefore, it is advisable for youngsters to arrange time reasonably during using cell phones.